crack cocaine
addiction

How Is Crack Made?

How is crack made? It’s a straightforward process that yields a product that is highly desired on the streets. Crack cocaine first made its appearance on the streets of NYC, Baltimore, Los Angeles, and other major cities around the United States in 1984. Its popularity was intense, and it was an epidemic across the country by 1985. 

Crack is the solid form of the famous street drug cocaine. Users can smoke these rocks rather than snorting the powder for a different kind of high. The euphoric feeling tends to be quick and intense. Sadly, the addictive properties of crack are even more addicted than powdered varieties. 

The History of Cocaine

Cocaine was first discovered clear back in ancient times by the Incas. These people lived in the mountains where the air was thin, and it often caused breathing problems. To combat these issues, the natives would chew on the leaves of the cocoa plants. They would experience an intense high that caused their heart rate to soar, and their breathing rate increased. 

History also shows that Peruvian people used the leaves to enhance the feeling during religious services. Albert Niemann was the first person to extract the powder from the leaves. The German chemist used the drug for medicinal properties. Though he discovered the drug in 1859, it would take him 21 years before he could get people to accept it as a form of treatment. 

When Sigmund Freud used the drug to help with his depression, he promoted it as a cure for mental health issues and impotence. The Australian psychiatrist wrote an article calling it a magical substance that should be used by those suffering. He believed in it so much that he prescribed it to his girlfriend and friends. 

Cocaine got a big break in 1886 when John Pemberton used the leaves to add pizzazz to his soft drink known as Coke-Cola. Is it any wonder that the popularity of this soda pop soared? People found cocaine to be both euphoric and energizing. From this point on, the drug became so widely used that many elixirs and wines contained it as an ingredient. 

However, with extensive use came many problems. The downside to using the drug became apparent, and in 1903, the Coca-Cola company removed it from its soda line. People were desperate to get that euphoric feeling, and by 1905 the white powder was formed that allowed them to snort it through their nose. When 5,000 people died from this drug in 1922, the United States Government put an official ban on it. 

Fast forward to the 1980s, and cocaine got a bad rap. Colombian traffickers had elaborate operations to smuggle the drug into the country. It was now considered the most dangerous drug in the United States. It was then and continues now to be the second most trafficked illegal drug of all time. 

How Cocaine Became Crack

What once was known as a drug for the rich and famous slowly became a cheap high. By the 1970s, the drug’s price dropped as much as 80 percent, and traffickers needed to find a way to boost this substance’s worth. The idea was to convert the powder into a rock substance so that users could smoke it. This would also alleviate chronic sinus issues and other problems that came about from snorting powder into the airways. 

Dealers found that by making this drug into rocks, they could easier break it off into smaller chunks to sell. The profit margins were much better. Since it was easy to make and very cheap, they found this as a profitable venture. 

How is Crack Made?

There are a few rules when making crack that you should observe. First, the better the cocaine purity, the better the crack will be. However, users find that it’s better to snort the excellent stuff. You want a medium grade product to make the rocks from. Fillers in the cocaine make it cheaper to buy, and the dealers can make a more substantial profit when they turn it into crack. 

Smokers will hear a “cracking” sound as they smoke this mixture, and the impurities of the mix are what’s making that noise. You need a freebase to use to make the rocks, and the choices are ether or ammonia. The problem with using these substances is that they’re flammable, so it’s hazardous. The goal is to free the alkaloid from the hydrochloride in the drug to smoke it. 

You need the following supplies:

  • Ether or ammonia
  • Baking soda
  • Beaker
  • Heat or Lighter
  • Cotton balls
  • Mixing bowl
  • Candy thermometer 

Start by measuring out four ratios of cocaine to one ratio of baking soda. Place the mixture into a large beaker, and you should put enough distilled water in the vessel to cover the powder. If you put too much water into the beaker, then the cocaine won’t harden. So make sure you have just enough and no more. 

Swirl the solution around until all the powder is covered. Now, it’s time to cook the cocaine. Soak the cotton ball in rubbing alcohol and light it on fire. While larger varieties are made on the stove using a candy thermometer, small operations often make it using the cotton ball method. A burning cotton mass can produce a stable temperature needed. 

Heat the substance until it starts to boil. Use your thermometer to check it as you don’t want it to boil for too long. If you overcook the mixture, then it’s not as valuable or potent. The vapors from the mixture will cause it to lose its euphoric feeling the user experiences. The concoction will burn when it gets to 195 degrees Fahrenheit or 90 degrees Celsius. 

Cook it twice, removing it from the heat when it gets to the burning point. The second time, you should see tiny bubbles start to form. At this point, you need to add a bit more distilled water. Swirl the water around in the beaker. 

As you mix the substance, you will see an oily amassment start to form, and it will be yellow. The mixture will begin to harden, but you should let it sit for a few minutes to finish processing. Once everything is solid and cooled, you must break it off into little chunks. On the street, the size of the rock dictates price. 

The Dangers of Crack Cocaine

Crack is straightforward to make in a small operation or a large one. Because many fillers are used that alter the purity of the cocaine, it’s exceptionally dangerous. It takes just six seconds for a person smoking these rocks to cross the blood-brain barrier and get high, which is why it’s so incredibly hazardous.